Taiwanese Pork Belly and Mushroom Rice – You Fan (油飯)

Taiwanese Pork Belly and Mushroom Rice – You Fan (油飯)

I’ll admit, I’m not sure if the original You Fan is made with pork belly. But everything is better with pork belly, right?

taiwanese sticky rice

You Fan is a traditional Taiwanese dish that I grew up eating in morning markets. It is made with steamed sticky rice with a fragrant shiitake mushroom, dried shrimp, and pork topping mixed in.

It’s a dish that’s impossible to get in Europe, so I decided to make it myself.

Sticky Rice vs Risotto Rice

Some would argue that the whole point of you fan is the sticky rice, but I decided to try it with arborio risotto rice because it was what I had on hand (and wanted to use up). I’m very happy with the result – it’s a super umami dish that’s not as wet as a risotto but not as dry as fried rice. You can either type of rice for this recipe. If you use sticky rice, just remember to soak it for 30-60 minutes before cooking.

chinese sticky rice cooking in pan

Rice to water ratio

With the risotto rice, I filled the rice to the “1” measurement in my rice cooker, washed and rinsed it, poured in the mushroom water, and poured in water until the “2” mark. You can follow the same instructions for sticky rice, just let it soak for 30-60 minutes before cooking. My rice cooker doesn’t have any special modes, so I cooked it on the default 30 minute setting, and it turned out perfectly.

You Fan

Taiwanese You Fan (油飯) / Pork Belly and Mushroom Rice

Simple you fan recipe made with either sticky rice (traditional) or risotto rice (modern take). You can substitute any meat, or remove it altogether for a vegetarian/vegan version
5 from 1 vote
Prep Time 15 mins
Cook Time 35 mins
Total Time 50 mins
Course Main Course
Cuisine Asian, Chinese, Taiwanese
Servings 4

Ingredients
  

Rice
  • 2 cups arborio risotto rice or glutinous rice, 250g
  • 1 tbsp oyster sauce
  • 1 tbsp soy sauce
  • 1/2 tbsp sesame oil
  • 2.5 cups water
Mix-Ins
  • 2 shallots, thinly sliced
  • 5-6 dried shiitake mushrooms, hydrated and sliced
  • 200-400 g of sliced pork belly, cut into strips
  • 1 tbsp dried shrimp, optional
  • 1 tsp white pepper, optional
  • 2 tbsp soy sauce

Instructions
 

  • Wash and drain the rice and place in rice cooker.  Add in oyster sauce, soy sauce, sesame oil, and water.  For extra umami flavor, you can substitute part of the water with the leftover liquid from rehydrating the shiitake mushrooms.
  • Mix thoroughly and turn on your rice cooker. The rice reached the 1 measuring line in my rice cooker, and I filled the water up to the 2 cup line. If you’re using sticky rice, let the rice soak for 30 minutes to 1 hour before cooking.
  • While the rice is cooking, prepare the mix-ins. Fry the pork belly strips until slightly browned. Then add the sliced shallots and dried shrimps and cook until the shallots are softened.
  • Add mushrooms soy sauce and white pepper and stir fry for 5 minutes. Turn off the heat.
  • When the rice is done, add the rice to the pan with the mix-ins. Using a wooden spoon, fold the mix-ins into the rice until well combined.
  • Serve with hot sauce.

Notes

Traditional you fan is made with glutinous/sticky rice. In this recipe, I recreated the dish using risotto rice to avoid the soaking, and it was what I had on hand. 

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